The Abstract and the Concrete

by Gene Callahan

Abstraction can be an entertaining and useful activity. But every abstraction falsifies reality simply because it is an abstraction – it is a one-sided emphasis on certain aspects of the real at the expense of neglecting or even denying others. That is not necessarily harmful as long as we remember what we have done. But the abstraction, being simpler and more manageable than the real world, is a seductive fantasy, and the temptation to ignore messy reality and attempt to replace it with a clean and neat dreamworld.

Let me offer a few examples to illustrate what I am on about. For instance, Jared Diamond, in Guns, Germs, and Steel, wants to replace the history of the individual with what he seems to think he has founded, namely, “scientific” history. The end result is that he often winds up botching his history. Continue reading