Spontaneous or Planned: A Sharp Dichotomy, or a Gradient?

by Gene Callahan I am writing a solicited comment for Dan Klein's new book, Knowledge and Coordination: A Liberal Interpretation, for the journal Studies in Emergent Order. This is an especially interesting task for me, as Klein's topic is obviously vital to my preliminary work on social cycles. And Dan is always an intelligent and … Continue reading Spontaneous or Planned: A Sharp Dichotomy, or a Gradient?

Individually Unintelligent but Collectively Brilliant

by Mario Rizzo Today on CBS Sunday Morning there was a very interesting program about ants. In the aggregate inept creatures create amazing structures. And what’s more they do it without central direction. However, they are extremely specialized. They follow, in effect, fairly rigid rules, involving imitating the actions of other ants of like kind. … Continue reading Individually Unintelligent but Collectively Brilliant